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Ensayos de Educación

Enseñar a nivel de pre-grado y grado

De 2021 a 2022, estudié un Posgrado en Educación (PGCEi), compaginado con mi trabajo de profesor de pregrado en Diseño (FADM) en la academia BACA de Pekín. Al relacionar mis estudios con mi práctica diaria como investigador educativo, he empezado a redactar ensayos sobre la educación. El primero es una crítica del pregrado a partir de mis propios objetivos y valores. El segundo estudia la implementación del aprendizaje colaborativo. El tercer ensayo es una investigación cualitativa sobre cómo los alumnos entienden el rol de la investigación en la generación de ideas. Desde el 2022, una vez terminado el PGCEi, inicié un Posgrado en Diseño para Entornos de Aprendizaje, lo que también me llevó a reflexionar sobre mi práctica como diseñador y profesor de diseño, de ahí los ensayos que siguen.

De 2021 a 2022, estudié un Posgrado en Educación (PGCEi), compaginado con mi trabajo de profesor de pregrado en Diseño (FADM) en la academia BACA de Pekín. Al relacionar mis estudios con mi práctica diaria como investigador educativo, he empezado a redactar ensayos sobre la educación. El primero es una crítica del pregrado a partir de mis propios objetivos y valores. El segundo estudia la implementación del aprendizaje colaborativo. El tercer ensayo es una investigación cualitativa sobre cómo los alumnos entienden el rol de la investigación en la generación de ideas. Desde el 2022, una vez terminado el PGCEi, inicié un Posgrado en Diseño para Entornos de Aprendizaje, lo que también me llevó a reflexionar sobre mi práctica como diseñador y profesor de diseño, de ahí los ensayos que siguen.

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Ensayos de Educación

Lesson 1

De 2021 a 2022, estudié un Posgrado en Educación (PGCEi), compaginado con mi trabajo de profesor de pregrado en Diseño (FADM) en la academia BACA de Pekín. Al relacionar mis estudios con mi práctica diaria como investigador educativo, he empezado a redactar ensayos sobre la educación. El primero es una crítica del pregrado a partir de mis propios objetivos y valores. El segundo estudia la implementación del aprendizaje colaborativo. El tercer ensayo es una investigación cualitativa sobre cómo los alumnos entienden el rol de la investigación en la generación de ideas. Desde el 2022, una vez terminado el PGCEi, inicié un Posgrado en Diseño para Entornos de Aprendizaje, lo que también me llevó a reflexionar sobre mi práctica como diseñador y profesor de diseño, de ahí los ensayos que siguen.

YOUR TASK

Design is a problem-solving process that seeks solutions to all sorts of different needs, concerns and desires. We could say that most people’s experience of design comes from their daily interaction with physical objects, built spaces and digital environments. Share your thoughts on the following questions. 

> What would be your definition of design?

> Do you see any difference so far between design and, for example, art? 

Download the Head, Heart and Hand poster on What is Design?

2. What is a designer?

Within the profession we call ‘designers’ there are a spectrum of specialisations, including (1) visual communication designers/graphic designers, (2) industrial designers/product designers, (3) fashion/textile designers (4) interior designers (5) service designers (6) UI/ UX designers. Have a look here at the different design disciplines.

3. What is graphic design?

Graphic design is the craft of planning and creating visual content to communicate ideas and messages. Graphic design is everywhere you look in the digital age — from billboards to cereal boxes to mobile apps. Have a look at the image below can give you a broad idea of the sub-disciplines within the field of graphic design. 

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YOUR TASK

Share your thoughts on the following questions. 

> Which field(s) of graphic design do you prefer to work in? Why?

> Which field(s) would you be interested to discover and which you don't? Why?

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Ensayos de Educación

Lesson 2

1. Analysing creative projects in context

For every project, you need to develop a relevant process of investigation on designers and design projects as well as looking into other fields. For example, when working on the project Borders and Crossroads, the following creative projects might come to mind when thinking about the keywords "borders" and "crossroads". Do you see why?

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Neighbours, Norman McLaren, 1952, Short film

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Posters without borders, 2013, Series of posters on immigration

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Trespassers only, Stef Heidhues, Artist book

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Inside Out, JR, Street Art project

YOUR TASK

Choose 1 project to reflect on. 

Share your thoughts on the following questions.

> What are the topics found in this project?

> Why does this work inspire you?

2. Design case study: A behind the scenes process

Now, consider one of my design works where the concept "borders and crossroads" was part of the starting point. Here are some images that show my process of work until designing the outcome as photographic zine, URBAN VISA. I saw the manholes being collected as passport stamps, as the entry and exit of an underground border, as the grid patterns of our streets, and I used photographs to design the zine.

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Urban visa is a photographic zine that explores manholes as grid patterns and stamps in a fictional urban passport.

YOUR TASK

Share your thoughts on the following questions.

> How did I link the research together in my idea development?

> Why are experiments and tests important?

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Ensayos de Educación

Lesson 3

1. The sketchbook

Sketchbooks are used to document your practice visually. You could ask: Why should we record what we do? We could say that it is to keep a track on ideas, to visualise our work process, to reflect critically on what we do. Do you find any other reason? Now, when asking: How should we record what we do? We could say by using images, videos, drawings, pieces of materials, etc. As you are doing workshops, ask yourself: What can you show from your experiments?

YOUR TASK

Open a page of your sketchbook that you are proud of because of the work shown. Take post-it notes and learn to give constructive feedback by answering these questions: What works? What doesn't work? Why? Share your thoughts.

2. Models of reflection

In the last few weeks, you have been doing workshops that you should have documented in your sketchbook. Consider the workshop as an "action". There exist different ways to reflect on an action by asking yourself the right questions.

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Reflective action instructional design (RAID), Luppicini (2003)

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Gibbs’ Reflective Cycle (1988)

YOUR TASK

In your sketchbook, think back at the workshop(s) that you did in the last weeks and start a reflection in/on/from action. Share your thoughts on the following questions. 

> What have you tried to make?

> What worked? What didn't? Why?

> What could you improve and do next? 

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